Fort Sumter National Monument
III.1 (Class A)
SC001, III.1 (Class A), April 12-14, 1861
SC008, IV.2 (Class D) , August 17-December 31, 1863
Decades of growing strife between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back.