CSA Armies

Army of Central Kentucky
Army of the Kanawha
Army of Kentucky
Army of Middle Tennessee
Army of Mississippi
Army of Missouri
Army of New Mexico
Army of Northern Virginia
Army of the Northwest
Army of the Peninsula
Confederate Army of the Potomac
Army of Tennessee
Army of the Trans-Mississippi
Army of the Valley
Army of the West
Army of Western Louisiana

Army of Central Kentucky - Theater: Western - Active: September 18, 1861–March 29, 1862[


The Army Corps of Central Kentucky, it was created in the fall of 1861 as a subsection of Department No. 2, and continued in existence until the end of March 1862 when it was absorbed and merged into the Army of the Mississippi.

Commanders
  • Simon B. Buckner (September 1861 - October 28, 1861)
  • Albert S. Johnston (October 28, 1861 - March 29, 1862
  • William J. Hardee (temporary command, December 4 1861 - December 18, 1861)
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Belmont, November 7, 1861 (Johnston / BG Gideon J. Pillow)
  • Battle of Fort Henry, February 6, 1862
  • Battle of Fort Donelson, February 11, 1862–February 16, 1862


Army of the Kanawha - Theater: Eastern - Active: June 6, 1861–December 26, 1861


Confederate units in the vital Kanawha River valley of western Virginia were styled the "Army of the Kanawha". It was incorporated into the Army of Central Kentucky on December 26, 1861.

Commanders
  • Henry A. Wise, June 6, 1861-August 11, 1861
  • John B. Floyd, August 11, 1861-December 26, 1861
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes, August 26, 1861 (Floyd)
  • Battle of Carnifex Ferry, September 10, 1861 (Floyd)


Army of Kentucky - Theater: Western - Active: August 25, 1862–October 8, 1862


The Army of Kentucky was drawn from troops of the Confederate Department of Eastern Tennessee. It fought in the Battle of Perryville. After the battle, its commander, Kirby Smith was promoted and given command of the Department of Trans-Mississippi, and army was incorporated into the Army of Tennessee

Commanders
  • Kirby Smith (August 25, 1862–October 8, 1862)
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862 (Smith)


Army of Middle Tennessee - Theater: Western - Active: August 25, 1862–October 8, 1862


Commanders
  • John C. Breckinridge
Major battles and campaigns


Army of Mississippi - Theater:Western - Active: March 5, 1862 - June 23, 1864


There were three organizations known as the Army of Mississippi in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Commanders
  • March 5, 1862 - November 20, 1862
    • Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, March 5, 1862-March 29, 1862 (assumed March 17, 1862)
    • Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, March 29, 1862-April 6, 1862
    • Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, April 6, 1862-May 6, 1862
    • Gen. Braxton Bragg, May 6, 1862-July 5, 1862, (assumed May 7, 1862)
    • Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee (temp), July 5, 1862-August 15, 1862
    • Gen. Braxton Bragg, August 15, 1862-September 28, 1862
    • Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk (temp), September 28, 1862-November 7, 1862
    • Gen. Braxton Bragg, November 7, 1862-November 20, 1862
  • December 7, 1862July 4, 1863
    • Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, December 7, 1862-December 9, 1862
    • Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn (temp), December 9, 1862-December 17, 1862
    • Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, December 17, 1862-July 4, 1863
  • July 30, 1863 - June 23, 1864
    • Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee, July 30, 1863-October 23, 1863
    • Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk, October 23, 1863-June 14, 1864 (Killed in action)
    • Maj. Gen. William W. Loring, June 14, 1864-June 23, 1864
Major battles and campaigns
  • Shiloh, April 6, 1862–April 7, 1862 (Johnston)
  • Perryville, October 8, 1862 (Polk)
  • Vicksburg Campaign, December 26, 1862, to July 4, 1863 (Pemberton)
  • Atlanta Campaign, May 7 – September 2, 1864 (Polk / Loring)


Army of Missouri - Theater:Trans-Mississippi - Active: September 8, 1864–December 3, 1864


The Army of Missouri was created in the fall of 1864 and commanded by Maj. Gen. Sterling Price. The Army of Missouri invaded Missouri. Price's Raid was unsuccessful, and the army retreated to Arkansas. The Army of Missouri was absorbed into the Confederate Army of the Trans-Mississippi.

Commanders
  • Maj. Gen. Sterling Price
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Fort Davidson, September 27, 1864
  • Battle of Glasgow, October 15, 1864
  • Fourth Battle of Boonville, October 11, 1864
  • Battle of Sedalia, October 15, 1864
  • Second Battle of Lexington, October 19, 1864
  • Battle of Little Blue River, October 21, 1864
  • Second Battle of Independence, October 21–22, 1864
  • Battle of Byram's Ford, October 22–23, 1864
  • Battle of Westport, October 23, 1864
  • Battle of Marais des Cygnes, October 25, 1864
  • Battle of Mine Creek, October 25, 1864
  • Battle of Marmiton River, October 25, 1864
  • Second Battle of Newtonia, October 28, 1864

Also see: Price's Raid


Army of New Mexico - Theater:Trans-Mississippi - Active: 1861-1862


The Army of New Mexico operated in Confederate Arizona and New Mexico Territory during the New Mexico Campaign.

Commanders
  • Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Valverde, February 20 to February 21, 1862
  • captured Albuquerque on March 2, 1862 and Santa Fe on March 13, 1862
  • Battle of Glorieta Pass, March 26-28, 1862

Also see: New Mexico Campaign, February 1862 – April 1862


Army of Northern Virginia - Theater: Eastern - Active: March 14, 1861 - April 9, 1865


Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force in the Eastern Theater. Its Garrison/HQ was in Richmond, Virginia.

Commanders
  • Maj. Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes, October 22, 1861-April 18, 1862
  • Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard, October 22, 1861-January 29, 1862
  • Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, October 22, 1861-April 9, 1865
  • General J. E. Johnston, July 20, 1861-May 31, 1862
  • Gen. Robert E. Lee, June 1, 1862-April 9, 1865
Major battles and campaigns
Campaign Year Strength Major Battles
Peninsula Campaign 1862 55,633 Seven Pines (Fair Oaks)
Seven Days Battles 1862 approx. 92,000 Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill
Northern Virginia Campaign 1862 approx. 54,000 Second Bull Run (Second Manassas)
Maryland Campaign 1862 approx. 60,000 Antietam (Sharpsburg)
Fredericksburg Campaign 1862 approx. 75,000 Fredericksburg
Chancellorsville Campaign 1863 approx. 75,000 Chancellorsville
Gettysburg Campaign 1863 75,054 Gettysburg
Bristoe Campaign 1863 55,221  
Mine Run Campaign 1863 approx. 50,000  
Overland Campaign 1864 62,230 Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor
Richmond–Petersburg Campaign 1864–65 82,633 Siege of Petersburg, including the Battle of the Crater
Appomattox Campaign 1865 around 50,000 Five Forks, Battle of Appomattox Court House


Army of the Northwest - Theater: Eastern - Active: June 8, 1861–February 9, 1862


Commanders
  • Robert S. Garnett
  • Henry R. Jackson
  • William W. Loring
  • Edward Johnson
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Rich Mountain
  • Battle of Corrick's Ford
  • Battle of Cheat Mountain


Army of the Peninsula - Theater: Eastern - Active: May 26, 1861–April 26, 1862


The Army of the Peninsula was created on May 26, 1861. Colonel John B. Magruder was assigned to command operations on the lower Virginia Peninsula with Yorktown as headquarters. The Army of the Peninsula was disbanded on April 26, 1862 and was incorporated into the Army of Northern Virginia.

Commanders
  • Colonel John B. Magruder
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Big Bethel, June 10, 1861


Confederate Army of the Potomac - Theater: Eastern - Active: April 1861 - March 14, 1862


The Confederate Army of the Potomac was formed in April 1861. Its only major combat action was the First Battle of Bull Run. On March 14, 1862, it became the I Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia.

Commanders
  • P.G.T. Beauregard
  • Joseph E. Johnston
Major battles and campaigns
  • First Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861
  • Battle of Ball's Bluff, October 21, 1861


Army of Tennessee - Theater: Western - Active: November 1862 – April 1865


The Army of Tennessee was the major Confederate Army in the Western Theater. The army was formed on November 20, 1862, when General Braxton Bragg renamed the former Army of Mississippi and was divided into two corps commanded by Lieutenant Generals Leonidas Polk and William J. Hardee. On April 18, 1865, Joseph E. Johnston signed an armistice with William T. Sherman at Bennett Place, a farmhouse near Durham Station, NC.

Commanders
  • Albert Sidney Johnston
  • Braxton Bragg, November 20, 1862-December 1, 1863
  • Joseph E. Johnston, December 1, 1863-June 17, 1864
  • John Bell Hood, June 17, 1864-January 23, 1865
  • Lt. Gen. Richard Taylor, January 23, 1865-?
Major battles and campaigns
  • Confederate Heartland Offensive, August 1862 - October 8, 1862 (Bragg)
  • Battle of Stones River, December 31, 1862 – January 2, 1863 (Bragg)
  • Chickamauga Campaign, September 19, 1863–September 20, 1863 (Bragg)
  • Battles of Chattanooga, November 23, 1863–November 25, 1863 (Bragg)
  • Atlanta Campaign, May 7–September 2, 1864 (Johnston/Hood)
  • Franklin-Nashville Campaign, October 5, 1864-December 25, 1864 (Hood)
  • Carolinas Campaign, February 3, 1865-March 21, 1865 (Johnston)


Army of the Trans-Mississippi - Theater: Trans-Mississippi - Active: September 28, 1862 - May 26, 1865


The Army of the Trans-Mississippi was made up or 3 Corps of Infantry and one Cavalry Corps. A Reserve Corps was formed on September 10, 1864. The army originally numbered well over 50,000 troops, but less than 43,000 were mustered at the war's conclusion. The Army of the Trans-Mississippi was the last major Confederate command to surrender. General E. Kirby Smith did so on May 26, 1865, although many of his troops had already "gone home."

Commanders
  • Henry Hopkins Sibley
  • Richard Taylor
  • Sterling Price
  • E. Kirby Smith
Major battles and campaigns
  • New Mexico campaign, February 1862 – April 1862 (Sibley)
  • Banks' Red River campaign, March 10, 1864 – May 22, 1864 (Taylor)
  • Price's Missouri campaign, August 28, 1864 - December 2, 1864
  • Battle of Palmito Ranch, May 12, 1865 – May 13, 1865 (John "Rip" Ford)

Quantrill's Raiders and the Missouri Bushwhackers also operated in the Trans-Mississippi Theater.



Army of the Valley - Theater: Eastern - Active: June 12, 1864-March 2, 1865


The Army of the Valley commanded by Jubal Early was an independent command during the Shenandoah Valley Campaigns in the summer and autumn of 1864. General Robert E. Lee hoped that by invading the north and threating either Baltimore or Washington Grants would have to send some of his troops north and relieve the pressure on Lee. The Army of the Valley became defunct after its decisive defeat at the Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia, on March 2, 1865.

Commanders
  • Jubal Early
Major battles and campaigns
  • Valley Campaigns of 1864
    • Early's Raid and Operations Against the B&O Railroad (June – August 1864)
    • Battle of Monocacy (July 9, 1864)
    • Battle of Fort Stevens (June 11–12 1864)
    • Heaton's Crossroads (June 16, 1864)
    • Battle of Cool Spring (June 17–18 1864)
    • Battle of Rutherford's Farm (July 20, 1864)
    • Second Battle of Kernstown (July 24, 1864)
    • Battle of Folck's Mill (August 1, 1864)
    • Battle of Moorefield (August 7, 1864)
    • Sheridan's Valley Campaign (August – October 1864)
    • Battle of Summit Point (August 21, 1864)
    • Battle of Smithfield Crossing (August 25–29 1864)
    • Battle of Berryville (September 3–4 1864)
    • Battle of Opequon (September 19, 1864)
    • Battle of Fisher's Hill (September 21–22 1864)
    • Battle of Tom's Brook (October 9, 1864)
    • Battle of Hupp's Hill (October 12, 1864)
    • Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
  • 1865 Sheridan's Expedition to Petersburg
    • Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia (March 2, 1865)


Army of the West - Theater: Trans-Mississippi - Active: March 4, 1862–September 28, 1862


The Army of the West was composed primarily of members of the old Missouri State Guard.

Commanders
  • Earl Van Dorn
  • John P. McCown
  • Sterling Price
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Pea Ridge, March 6, 1862 – March 8, 1862 (Dorn)
  • Battle of Iuka, September 19, 1862 (Price)
  • Second Battle of Corinth, October 3, 1862–October 4, 1862 (Dorn)
  • Battle of Hatchie's Bridge, October 5, 1862 (Dorn)


Army of Western Louisiana - Theater: Trans-Mississippi - Active: ?–May 26, 1865


The Army of Western Louisiana fought in all the major engagements during Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks' campaign to capture Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Commanders
  • Richard Taylor
  • John G. Walker
Major battles and campaigns
  • Battle of Mansfield, April 8, 1864 (Taylor)
  • Battle of Pleasant Hill, April 9, 1864 (Taylor)
  • Battle of Milliken's Bend, June 7, 1863 (Walker)
  • Battle of Young's Point, June 7, 1863 (Walker / James M. Hawes brigade)




More infromation: Sources
  1. Wikipedia: (see links for each Army and the more information section.)  [Online] http://www.wikipedia.org/
  2. The Library of Congress, edited by Wagner, Margaret E.; Gallagher, Gary W.; and Finkelman, Paul; Civil War Desk Reference; New York; Simon & Schuster; ©2002, pp 387-393
Resources