First Manassas

First Bull Run

Part of the Manassas Campaign

Battle Summary
Date 07/21/1861 - 07/21/1861
Location Fairfax County and Prince William County, Virginia
Result Confederate victory
Flag of the United States United States
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Irvin McDowell
Robert Patterson
P. G. T. Beauregard
Joseph E. Johnston
Forces Engaged
18,000 18,000
Source: Wikipedia: First Battle of Bull Run
Casualties and losses
Killed 460 387
Wounded 1,124 1,582
Missing 1,312 13
Total 2,896 1,982
Source: Wikipedia: First Battle of Bull Run
Synopsis of the battle:

In the summer of 1861, enthusiastic volunteers in colorful uniforms gathered to fight the first major land battle of the war. Confident that their foes would turn and run, neither side anticipated the smoke, din and death of battle.

"This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, 1861, the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville. On the 21st, McDowell crossed at Sudley Ford and attacked the Confederate left flank on Matthews Hill. Fighting raged throughout the day as Confederate forces were driven back to Henry Hill. Late in the afternoon, Confederate reinforcements (one brigade arriving by rail from the Shenandoah Valley) extended and broke the Union right flank. The Federal retreat rapidly deteriorated into a rout. Although victorious, Confederate forces were too disorganized to pursue. Confederate Gen. Bee and Col. Bartow were killed. Thomas J. Jackson earned the nom de guerre “Stonewall.” By July 22, the shattered Union army reached the safety of Washington. This battle convinced the Lincoln administration that the war would be a long and costly affair. McDowell was relieved of command of the Union army and replaced by Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, who set about reorganizing and training the troops. "

Source: CWSAC Battle Summary

Source: CWSAC First Battle of Bull Run [PDF, p 158]

Status of the Battlefield:
The battlefield has been preserved.

The First Manassas battlefield has been preserved by the National Parks Service and is part of the Manassas.

Visit the official park web site at Manassas
Surviving earthworks: Unknown

Aids for your visit to the battlefield:
Is there a battlefield app? Yes
Map of the Battlefield showing the locations of the markers? Unknown

Park where the battlefield has been preserved:

Monuments Documented:
There are 1 monuments documented by CWBFM on the battlefield. (Map Monuments)

More Information • • •
  1. Civil War Trust: Bull Run ( Submitted on 08/13/2014 by ). change
  2. Wikipedia: First Battle of Bull Run also known as First Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces), ( Submitted on 08/13/2014 by ). change
  3. CWSAC: First Manassas, battle Summary ( Submitted on 08/13/2014 by ). change


This page originally submitted by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, GA, on August 08, 2014. This page has been viewed 1371 time(s) since then. This page has been updated 2 time(s) since then. The page was last updated by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, GA, on February 26, 2021. BG Hooks was the editor who published this page on August 13, 2014.