Battle


Battle of Chickamauga

Part of the Chattanooga–Ringgold Campaign




Battle Summary
Date 09/19/1863 - 09/20/1863
Location Catoosa County and Walker County, Georgia
Result Confederate victory
Belligerents
Flag of the United States United States
(Union)
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
William Rosecrans
George Henry Thomas
Braxton Bragg
Forces Engaged
Army of the Cumberland Army of Tennessee
Strength
Estimated
60,000 65,000
Source: Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
Casualties and losses
Killed 1657 18454
Wounded 9756 14674
Missing 4757 1468
Total 16,170 18,454
Source: Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
Synopsis of the battle:
The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863, marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. It was the first major battle of the war that was fought in Georgia.

The battle was fought between the Army of the Cumberland under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans and the Confederate Army of Tennessee under Gen. Braxton Bragg, and was named for Chickamauga Creek, which meanders near the battle area in northwest Georgia (and ultimately flows into the Tennessee River about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) northeast of downtown Chattanooga).

After his successful Tullahoma Campaign, Rosecrans renewed the offensive, aiming to force the Confederates out of Chattanooga. In early September, Rosecrans consolidated his forces scattered in Tennessee and Georgia and forced Bragg's army out of Chattanooga, heading south. The Union troops followed it and brushed with it at Davis's Cross Roads. Bragg was determined to reoccupy Chattanooga and decided to meet a part of Rosecrans's army, defeat it, and then move back into the city. On September 17 he headed north, intending to attack the isolated XXI Corps. As Bragg marched north on September 18, his cavalry and infantry fought with Union cavalry and mounted infantry, which were armed with Spencer repeating rifles.

Fighting began in earnest on the morning of September 19. Bragg's men strongly assaulted but could not break the Union line. The next day, Bragg resumed his assault. In late morning, Rosecrans was misinformed that he had a gap in his line. In moving units to shore up the supposed gap, Rosecrans accidentally created an actual gap, directly in the path of an eight-brigade assault on a narrow front by Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet. Longstreet's attack drove one-third of the Union army, including Rosecrans himself, from the field. Union units spontaneously rallied to create a defensive line on Horseshoe Ridge, forming a new right wing for the line of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, who assumed overall command of remaining forces. Although the Confederates launched costly and determined assaults, Thomas and his men held until twilight. Union forces then retired to Chattanooga while the Confederates occupied the surrounding heights, besieging the city.

Source: Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga




Status of the Battlefield:
The battlefield has been preserved.

The Battle of Chickamauga battlefield has been preserved by the National Parks Service and is part of the Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park.

Visit the official park web site at Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park
Surviving earthworks: Unknown



Aids for your visit to the battlefield:
Is there a battlefield app? No
Map of the Battlefield showing the locations of the markers? Yes

Park where the battlefield has been preserved:


Monuments Documented:
CWBFM has documented 554 monuments on the battlefield. (Map Monuments)





More Information • • •
  1. Wikipedia: Battle of Chickamauga ( Submitted on 02/11/2015 by Byron Hooks). change
  2. Civil War Trust: Chickamauga ( Submitted on 02/11/2015 by Byron Hooks). change
  3. CWSAG: Chickamauga Date(s): September 18-20, 1863 Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans and Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas [US]; Gen. Braxton Bragg and Lt. Gen. James Longstreet [CS] Forces Engaged: The Army of the Cumberland [US]; Army of Tennessee [CS] Estimated Casualties: 34,624 total (US 16,170; CS 18,454) ( Submitted on 02/11/2015 by Byron Hooks). change








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Credits:
This page originally submitted by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, GA, on June 05, 2014. This page has been viewed 920 time(s) since then. This page has been updated 1 time(s) since then. The page was last updated on June 06, 2014. BG Hooks was the editor who published this page on June 05, 2014.



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