Battle


Battle of Missionary Ridge

Part of the Chattanooga–Ringgold Campaign




Battle Summary
Date 11/25/1863 - 11/25/1863
Location Chattanooga
Result Union victory
Belligerents
Flag of the United States United States
(Union)
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders
Ulysses S. Grant Braxton Bragg
Forces Engaged
Military Division of the Mississippi Army of Tennessee
Strength
56,359 44,010
Source: Wikipedia: Battle of Missionary Ridge
Casualties and losses
Killed 753 361
Wounded 4,722 2,160
Missing 349 4,160
Total 5,824 6,667
Source: Wikipedia: Battle of Missionary Ridge
Synopsis of the battle:
The Battle of Missionary Ridge was fought November 25, 1863, as part of the Chattanooga Campaign of the American Civil War. Following the Union victory in the Battle of Lookout Mountain on November 24, Union forces under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant assaulted Missionary Ridge and defeated the Confederate Army of Tennessee, commanded by Gen. Braxton Bragg.

In the morning, elements of the Army of the Tennessee commanded by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman attempted to capture the northern end of Missionary Ridge, Tunnel Hill, but were stopped by fierce resistance from the Confederate divisions of Maj. Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, William H.T. Walker, and Carter L. Stevenson. In the afternoon, Grant was concerned that Bragg was reinforcing his right flank at Sherman's expense. He ordered the Army of the Cumberland, commanded by Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, to move forward and seize the Confederate line of rifle pits on the valley floor, and stop there to await further orders. The Union soldiers moved forward and quickly pushed the Confederates from the first line of rifle pits but were then subjected to a punishing fire from the Confederate lines up the ridge.

At this point, the Union soldiers continued the attack against the remaining lines, seeking refuge near the crest of the ridge (the top line of rifle pits were sited on the actual crest rather than the military crest of the ridge, leaving blind spots). This second advance was taken up by the commanders on the spot, but also by some of the soldiers who, on their own, sought shelter from the fire further up the slope. The Union advance was disorganized but effective; finally overwhelming and scattering what ought to have been, as General Grant himself believed, an impregnable Confederate line. In combination with an advance from the southern end of the ridge by divisions under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, the Union Army routed Bragg's army, which retreated to Dalton, Georgia, ending the siege of Union forces in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Source: Wikipedia: Battle of Missionary Ridge

While this is part of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park the battlefield has not been preserved. There are many monuments, markers and tablet located along the sides of the street along Missionary ridge. The map of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park produced by Trailhead Graphics, Inc. does have a small insert showing where the road is and the location of major monuments but lacks the detail to locate all of the monument, markers and tablets. Many of the monuments on Missionary Ridge have been entered to hmdb.org.





Status of the Battlefield:
The battlefield has not been preserved.

The Battle of Missionary Ridge battlefield has been preserved by the National Parks Service and is part of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park.

Visit the official park web site at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
Surviving earthworks: Unknown



Aids for your visit to the battlefield:
Is there a battlefield app? Unknown
Map of the Battlefield showing the locations of the markers? Unknown

Park where the battlefield has been preserved:


Notes / Comments:
A small section of a trench dug by G. A. Smith's Brigade is preserved in the Sherman Reservation.


Monuments Documented:
CWBFM has documented 30 monuments on the battlefield. (Map Monuments)





More Information • • •
  1. Wikipedia: Battle of Missionary Ridge ( Submitted on 06/29/2014 by ). change
  2. CWSAC: Chattanooga (Reference #: TN024), Preservation Priority: I.2 (Class A) ( Submitted on 06/29/2014 by ). change
  3. Wikipedia: Chattanooga Campaign ( Submitted on 06/29/2014 by ). change
  4. Civil War Trust: Chattanooga, Lookout Mountain, and Missionary Ridge Battles ( Submitted on 06/29/2014 by ). change
  5. US Civil War Photographs: Missionary Ridge ( Submitted on 06/29/2014 by ). change
  6. Civil War Trust: Missionary Ridge Map showing the Battle of Missionary Ridge. ( Submitted on 06/29/2014 by ). change







Credits:
This page originally submitted by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, GA, on June 29, 2014. This page has been viewed 637 time(s) since then. This page has been updated 3 time(s) since then. The page was last updated by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, GA, on March 29, 2015. BG Hooks was the editor who published this page on June 29, 2014.



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