Battle of Ringgold Gap

Part of the Chattanooga–Ringgold Campaign

Battle Summary
Date 11/27/1863 - 11/27/1863
Location Ringgold, Catoosa County, Georgia
Result Confederate victory
Flag of the United States United States
Flag of Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Joseph Hooker Patrick Cleburne
Forces Engaged
Divisions from the IV Corps, XI Corps, XII Corps, and XV Corps. Patrick Cleburne Division, Army of Tennessee
16,000 4,200
Source: Wikipedia - Battle of Ringgold Gap
Casualties and losses
Killed 20
Wounded 201
Total 509 221
Source: Wikipedia - Battle of Ringgold Gap
Synopsis of the battle:
The disastrous Confederate rout at Missionary Ridge on November 25 forced the Army of Tennessee to retreat into northwest Georgia. The army soon came upon the mountain pass known as the Ringgold Gap. To give time for his artillery and wagon trains to get through the gap, Confederate General Braxton Bragg decided to send Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne to defend the pass from the Union army. While Cleburne expressed doubt he could defend the gap adequately with his single division, Bragg refused to send any further troops to assist Cleburne. Cleburne deployed his men at the gap before dawn of the 27; Colonel Hiram Granbury's brigade was placed to the right of the gap, while the left was defended by the 16th Alabama Infantry. The remainder of the division was deployed in the gap itself as reserves.

The Union commander at Chattanooga, U.S. Grant, had ordered a pursuit of the retreating Confederate army on the morning of November 26 but confusion concerning the orders prevented the Union forces from getting an early start. The Confederate rear guard had burned the bridges over the South Chickamauga Creek, which further delayed the Union forces. Joseph Hooker was given command of divisions from the IV Corps, XI Corps, XII Corps, and XV Corps and ordered to cut the Western and Atlantic Railroad near Graysville. However, he decided to concentrate his forces near the town of Ringgold, thinking that he would have a better chance of cutting off the Confederate rear guard. Hooker halted two and a half miles from Ringgold Gap during the night of November 26–27.

The two forces met at 8 a.m. on November 27, when the XV Corps division of Peter Osterhaus attacked Granbury's brigade. The Confederates held their fire until the Union line was fifty yards away. The initial volley disorganized Osterhaus's division and halted his attack, while a Union attack on the Confederate right flank was routed. John Geary's XII Corps division was the next to arrive; one brigade again attacked the Confederate right while another regiment attacked the gap but both attacks were routed. Charles Cruft's IV Corps division was sent to attack Cleburne's left flank but was defeated.

After holding his position for five hours, Cleburne was ordered about noon to start falling back towards the main Confederate army. Leaving skirmishers along his front to hide his withdrawal, he pulled back from the gap about 2 p.m. and burned the bridge on the eastern side of the gap. Cleburne had lost 20 killed and 201 wounded during the battle. Grant arrived near the gap at this time and, due to the scattered position of his army, decided to return to Chattanooga; no further Union pursuit was organized. Union casualties totaled 509 killed and wounded. Although Hooker was severely criticized for his conduct of the battle by Union Assistant Secretary of War Dana and several of Hooker's men, Grant choose to retain Hooker temporarily

Status of the Battlefield:
The battlefield has not been preserved.

The battlefield has been preserved as the A small park in Ringgold Gap commemorates the battle.

Surviving earthworks: Unknown

Aids for your visit to the battlefield:
Is there a battlefield app? No
Map of the Battlefield showing the locations of the markers? No

Park where the battlefield has been preserved:

Monuments Documented:
There are 0 monuments documented by CWBFM on the battlefield.

More Information • • •
  1. Wikipedia: Battle of Ringgold Gap ( Submitted on 06/05/2014 by ). change
  2. Civil War Historic Markers Across Georgia: Battle of Ringgold Gap The Civil War in Georgia as told by its historic markers. ( Submitted on 06/05/2014 by ). change
  3. Civil War Trust: The Battle of Ringgold Gap ( Submitted on 06/05/2014 by ). change

This page originally submitted by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, GA, on June 05, 2014. This page has been viewed 486 time(s) since then. This page has been updated 0 time(s) since then. BG Hooks was the editor who published this page on June 05, 2014.